Part 2 - What does it mean that Jesus is “the Son of God”?

This Article is part of a multi-part Study Series called The Identity of Jesus.


Jesus is not God’s Son in the sense of a human father bringing a brand-new life into the world. God did not get married and have a son. God did not mate with Mary and, together with her, produce a son.

We must recognize the fact that “Son of God” has eternally existed (John 1:1-3, 17:5, 24b) within the Triune Godhead. “For in him (v 2:6, “Christ Jesus the Lord”) dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.(Colossians 2:9 (KJV). The three persons of the Triune Godhead (Father, Son and Spirit) constitute “One God,” and by the “One Spirit” the Godhead they indwelled Jesus of Nazareth, who was the incarnated “Son of God.”

Jesus of Nazareth as the “Word” was incarnated as the “express image of His (God’s) person” (Heb. 1:3).

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 The same was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. (John 1:1-3 (KJV)

 “For unto us a child is born (Jesus of Nazareth), unto us a son (Son of God) is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. (Isaiah 9:6 (KJV)
“And he (Jesus) is before all things, and by him all things consist. (Colossians 1:17 (KJV)
I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. (Revelation 1:8 (KJV)
“(Melchisedec) Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. (Hebrews 7:3 (KJV)

God the Father, as the ultimate progenitor, extended His Son’s pre-existent eternal Spirit-life that would animate Jesus of Nazareth’s whole incarnated being… His spirit, soul and body. Importantly, we must recognize that a mother cannot give life, but bears and carries the life of the father to birth, adding human flesh.

God the Father, by the Power of the One Holy Spirit, was the Father of Jesus of Nazareth, extending Jesus’ pre-existent Spirit-life to Jesus of Nazareth’s innermost core, while Mary gave Him an ordinary human body of flesh, to be His container, with Royal Blood flowing within it to redeem humanity. Mary gave Jesus his very human “Mary-body,” while the Father’s Royal life-blood flowed in His veins (cf. Lev. 17:11). Interestingly, a human mother’s blood never touches the blood of the fetus* (see at end).

“But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, 5 To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. 6 And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. (Galatians 4:4-6 (KJV)

Jesus is God’s Son in the sense that ‘He is God’… made manifest in human flesh (John 1:1, 14). Jesus is God’s Son in that He was conceived in Mary by the power of the Holy Spirit. Luke 1:35 declares;

“And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest (God) shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing (holy one) which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.

We see here that Jesus of Nazareth claimed to be the “Son of God.” During His trial before the Jewish leaders, the High Priest demanded of Jesus;

“I charge you (Jesus) under oath by the living God: Tell us if you are the Christ (Messiah), the ‘Son of God 64‘Yes, it is as you say,’ Jesus replied. ‘But I say to all of you: In the future you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven’” (Matt. 26:63-64).

The Jewish leaders responded by accusing Jesus of blasphemy (Matthew 26:65-66).

Later, before Pontius Pilate, “The Jews insisted, ‘We have a law, and according to that law He must die, because He claimed to be the Son of God’ (John 19:7). Why would His claiming to be the “Son of God” be considered blasphemy and be worthy of a death sentence? It is because the Jewish leaders understood exactly what Jesus meant by the phrase “the Son of God.” To be the “Son of God” is to be of the same life and nature as God. The “Son of God” is “of God.” and one with God. The claim to be of the same nature as God—to in fact be God—was blasphemy to the Jewish leaders; therefore, they demanded Jesus’ death, in keeping with the Law of Leviticus 24:15.

Hebrews 1:3 expresses the truth of this very clearly;

“(Jesus) Who being the brightness of his (God’s) glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins (at the cross), sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;”

Another example can be found in John 17:12 where Judas, the betrayer of Jesus, is described as the “son of perdition.” John 6:71 tells us that Judas was the “son of Simon.” What does John 17:12 mean by describing Judas as the “son of perdition”? The word perdition means “destruction, ruin, waste.” Judas was not the literal son of “ruin, destruction, and waste,” but those things were the identity of Judas’ life. Judas was a manifestation of perdition.

In this same way, Jesus is “the Son of God.” The “Son of God” is God. Jesus of Nazareth was God made manifest in human flesh.

In the beginning was the Word (Jesus), and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” (John 1:1)
 “And the Word (Jesus) was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. (John 1:14)

Here below, the Apostle Paul equates the Spirit,” “the Spirit of God,” “Spirit of Christ,” and “Christ.” All of these titles refer to the Triune Godhead of the “One God,“One Spirit,” and “One Lord” of Eph. 4:4-6.

“But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. 10 And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness. (Romans 8:9-10)

All of these titles refer to the Triune Godhead of the “One God,“One Spirit,” “One Lord” and “One God and Father.”

“There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; 5 One Lord, one faith, one baptism, 6 One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all. (Ephesians 4:4-6)

Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus (of Nazareth), whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.” (Acts 2:36)

So, today “the Son of God,” who also is “the Son of Man,” dwells in heaven at the right hand of the Father; also, as “the Spirit of life,” He dwells within and is one with the human spirit of every believing child of God as their life and “Lord.”

*See article “God’s Christmas Gift” at .